What competencies must students master to succeed in 21st Century jobs and life?
An American perspective on ‘Deeper Learning’
The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation explains, “Deeper Learning is an umbrella term for the skills and knowledge that students must possess to succeed in 21st century jobs and civic life. At its heart is a set of competencies students must master in order to develop a keen understanding of academic content and apply their knowledge to problems in the classroom and on the job.”
In an effort to better define Deeper Learning, the Hewlett Foundation has identified six Deeper Learning competencies that are essential to prepare students to achieve at high levels and succeed in college, career and civic life:
1. Master core academic content. Students develop and draw from a baseline understanding of knowledge in an academic discipline and are able to transfer knowledge to other situations.
2. Think critically and solve complex problems. Students apply tools and techniques gleaned from core subjects to formulate and solve problems. These tools include data analysis, statistical reasoning, and scientific inquiry as well as creative problem solving, nonlinear thinking and persistence.
3. Work collaboratively. Students cooperate to identify and create solutions to academic, social, vocational and personal challenges.
4. Communicate effectively. Students clearlyorganize their data, findingsand thoughts in both written and oral communication.
5. Learn how to learn. Students monitor and direct their own learning.
6. Develop academic mindsets. Students develop positive attitudes and beliefs about themselves as learners that increase their academic perseverance and prompt them to engage in productive academic behaviours. Students are committed to seeing work through to completion, meeting their goals and doing quality work, and thus search for solutions to overcome obstacles’
Note, the mix of cognitive and non-cognitive skills here.
“Towards A New End: New Pedagogies for Deep Learning” co-authors Michael Fullan and Maria Langworthy identify four fundamental barriers that stand between the theory and practice of Deeper Learning, including inadequate development of the following:
1. Policies and system-level strategies that enablediffusion;
2. Accepted ways of measuring deep learning;
3. Adoption of new pedagogical models that foster deep learning; and
4. Knowledge of how students adopt deep learning practices.
See Deeper Learning-for every student every day- Tom Vander Ark Carri Schneide